Every lawyer has a CARPA account. When a sum of money (other than fees or reimbursement of expenses) is paid to him in the course of his work as a lawyer, he must deposit it in a CARPA sub-account opened specifically for that case, and identified as such.
CARPA controls every inflow and outflow of money and thus guarantees the safekeeping of the sums deposited.
This account is divided into sub-accounts, each sub-account corresponding to a case.
The lawyer creates the sub-account and orders its closure.
All financial transactions relating to this case (excluding fee payments and expense reimbursements) pass through this CARPA sub-account.
CARPA controls every deposit made to each sub-account and every payment made from that sub-account. It requests supporting documents for cash outflows and checks them.
It may withhold the sums and ask for explanations from the lawyer in case of doubt, all with the aim of ensuring that the sums deposited are used in accordance with the client's wishes and the law.
In case of a transfer, the CARPA Case Code and the case number must be specified, which will be provided by the escrow lawyer. These details enable CARPA to allocate the payment to the correct sub-account.
The interest generated by the sequestered money benefits the CARPA, and in particular makes it possible to finance its services (premises, staff, insurance, miscellaneous expenses, etc.).
A lawyer who receives such a document in deposit as security shall retain it until its return or transmission is requested, in accordance with the terms of his mandate of deposit.
Indeed, the escrow agreement depends on the contract of sale. The sequestration lawyer is therefore not entitled to pay the sequestered sums to a producer other than the one provided for in the contract.
It is in this form that he must report any non-conformity of the delivery.
In this form, the buyer can, in particular, quantify his loss and propose a solution to resolve the difficulty.
The balance is paid to the producer, as provided for in the sales contract.
Dans le séquestre que nous avons mis en place avec Bois Etik, si le solde disponible sur le compte séquestre est inférieur au montant du préjudice estimé par l’acheteur, le producteur s’engage à verser le complément nécessaire pour couvrir le montant estimé du préjudice.
Le montant conservé sous séquestre le temps de la résolution du litige ne peut toutefois pas être supérieur au prix prévu au contrat de vente liant l’acheteur au courtier, déduction faite des frais de séquestre, de la commission du courtier, et des frais de production et de livraison de la marchandise.
It is up to the most diligent party to take legal action to resolve the dispute. The sequestering lawyer will comply with the court decision that will be rendered.
Thus, for example, the contract may provide that, in the event of cancellation of the contract by the buyer due to late delivery, the sequestered funds are returned in full to the buyer, without administrative costs or commission, which will be invoiced directly to the producer.
If the contract cannot be honoured due to a claim declared by the producer or a case of force majeure, the sequestered funds will be returned to the buyer, after deduction of the sequestration costs and, if provided for in the sales contract, the brokerage commission.
The buyer may also prefer a substitution at equivalent price and quality. The broker will then look for a new offer, subject to validation by the buyer.
Consequently, in the escrow we propose, the sums paid are in principle considered as due by the buyer to the producer. They are therefore acquired by the producer, but are placed in escrow until the date contractually agreed for their payment.
The buyer is thus assured that the producer will have to honour the order before collecting the funds, and the producer is assured that his payment is beyond the reach of the buyer's creditors, even in the event of suspension of payment.
In order to do this, we need to make a tailor-made study. We urge you to contact the firm directly.
The amount deposited in cash then becomes a CARPA line item.